Motivating students to engage in meaningful learning activities is often difficult, especially during the pandemic, when classes lack the connection that in-person learning offers. Many educators employ a carrot and stick approach that rewards students for good behavior. But this form of extrinsic motivation only works to get students to complete simple tasks. For students to actively participate and grow, educators must focus on intrinsic motivation.
What is intrinsic motivation?
According to author David Pink, there are three elements of intrinsic motivation: autonomy, mastery, and purpose.
- Autonomy is the desire to direct your own work. Students with autonomy can think more creatively and will be more satisfied with the process of learning.
- Mastery is the desire to continuously improve. When students make mistakes or face barriers, mastery allows them to persevere and think of better methods to achieve their objectives.
- Purpose is the belief that your work is part of something bigger and worthwhile. It “provides students with a reason to engage and learn,” naturally making them work harder.
When choosing EdTech tools, educators should opt for ones that motivate students intrinsically. According to Shveta Miller, a literary specialist and instructional coach, educators should ask questions such as:
- Do students set their own goals?
- Who guides them to set ones that are measurable and achievable?
- Do they get to customize features such as status updates and notifications?
- Is a reward system the primary factor that motivates students to learn, or is it the stimulating and relevant content the student is engaging with?
Viinko: Bringing intrinsic motivation to the classroom
Intrinsic motivation is an essential element of Viinko. With several customizable assignment and scheduling features, students have autonomy in planning their schoolwork. Teachers can provide students with direct feedback, which helps students to strive for mastery in organization. Moreover, reflection questions about student preparedness and the relevance of an assignment give students purpose. They can view their academic work as a bigger part of their learning journey and personal development.
Finally, educators play an active role in fostering intrinsic motivation. Through Viinko, they can help students develop a routine for updating their assignments and schedules. It is also essential that they take action on the questions and feedback they get from students. When students can see that teachers have responded to their requests, they can better recognize the significance in their work and themselves. Thankfully, Viinko is here to connect students and educators in the drive toward excellence.